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  • Energy drinks: history, composition and effects

    Опубликовано: 2024-06-25 15:28:11

    Energy drinks are a type of soft drink that are carbonated and contain large amounts of caffeine, sugar, and various additives such as B vitamins, amino acids (e.g., taurine), and herbal stimulants such as guarana. Energy drink advertising primarily targets a young audience of 18 to 30 year olds, associating the product with strength, speed, and other attributes appealing to this group.

    The first energy drinks appeared in Japan in the early 1960s and were sold in dark glass bottles similar to medicine packaging or in aluminum cans. In the UK, energy drinks were used to speed recovery in hospitals as early as 1929, but they did not become available to the general public until the 1980s. In the US, energy drinks were introduced in 1985. One of the most famous was Red Bull, released in 1987 in Austria.

    Most energy drinks contain caffeine, vitamins, herbs and other additives. These include carbonated water, guarana, yerba mate, taurine, ginseng, maltodextrin, carnitine, creatine, glucuronolactone, and ginkgo biloba. Many are high in sugar, although there are also "diet" versions with artificial sweeteners.

    Various psychological and physiological effects have been attributed to energy drinks. Some studies show that they improve cognitive function, enhance concentration and increase stamina. However, abuse of these drinks can cause euphoria, increased excitability and insomnia.

    safety and health
    Regular consumption of energy drinks requires caution. Consuming one can a day keeps the caffeine dose within the normal range, but consuming two or more cans poses a risk of overdosing. Caffeine abuse can lead to nervousness, drowsiness, arrhythmias and other health problems.

    Interactions with other substances
    Consuming energy drinks in combination with alcohol can cause serious problems such as irregular heart rhythm and increased blood pressure. They can also interact with some medications, enhancing their effects and causing unwanted adverse reactions.

    Although energy drinks can provide a temporary burst of energy and improve physical and mental performance, their abuse can lead to serious health consequences. Therefore, it is important to consume them in moderation and consciously monitor your condition.


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